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Produk-Produk Yang Terbuat dari Kulit Babi

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Kaum Muslimin hendaknya berhati-hati didalam membeli barang-barang sandang yang terbuat dari kulit, seperti sepatu, jaket, dompet, sofa, tas, dsbnya; karena bukan mustahil diantaranya menggunakan bahan baku kulit babi (terutama berbagai produk luar negeri, yang dengan adanya arus globalisasi sekarang, semakin banyak beredar dikalangan masyarakat Indonesia). Oleh karena itu, hendaknya kaum muslimin memiliki pengetahuan bagaimana membedakan antara struktur kulit babi dengan PVC yang buatan pabrik.

Hal ini perlu diperhatikan, karena bisa jadi karena ketidak-tahuannya maka kaum muslimin menggunakan berbagai bahan yang terbuat dari kulit babi (seperti: dompet, ikat pinggang, jaket atau sepatu, dll) yang bila digunakannya barang-barang tersebut dikala ia berwudhu ataupun sholat, maka hal tersebut menjadikan wudhu dan sholatnya menjadi tidak sah.

I. CIRI-CIRI PRODUK SANDANG DARI BAHAN KULIT BABI
Permukaan atasnya mempunyai titik-titik dot yang lekuk ke dalam. Di dalam setiap titik dot itu ada 3 titik dot yang lain. Untuk memudahkan anda mengenalinya, setiap titik dot bagian luar tadi, kalau dicantumkan mengikut garisan ke bawah, ke atas, ke tepi ia menjadi 3 segi. Hanya saja pada kulit babi, 3 titik dot ini strukturnya adalah berserakan tidak teratur.

Kulit babi biasanya berwarna putih kekusaman. Biasanya ia diletakkan di bagian lapisan belakang tumit sepatu, dibawah lidah sepatu, di bagian bawah lubang tali sepatu.

Untuk lebih mudah mengenalinya, ia akan terasa seperti lembap atau pun seperti terkena lembapan sabun, bila terkena peluh (keringat) dari kaki anda.

Hendaknya, kaum muslimin berhati-hati bila hendak membeli barang-barang sandang yang memiliki tekstur sebagaimana gambar-gambar dibawah ini:

Gambar 1. Struktur Kulit Babi

Gambar 2. Struktur Kulit Babi

II. CIRI-CIRI PRODUK SANDANG DARI BAHAN PVC BUATAN PABRIK
Ada juga kulit yang hampir meyerupainya tetapi ia tidak mempunyai 3 titik lekuk di dalam setiap lekukan tersebut, dan tampak bahwa titik-titiknya lebih teratur karena dibuat oleh mesin, dan tidak mempunyai lekukan / ceruk di set iap tiga titik tersebut. Berikut ini adalah kulit yang terbuat dari PVC buatan pabrik, yang insyaa Allooh tidak mengapa bila sandang ini digunakan oleh kaum muslimin.

Gambar 3. Kulit dari PVC

Gambar 4. Kulit dari PVC

Dan berikut ini, kami sampaikan berita dari JAKIM (Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia) HIDC (Halal Industry Development Corporation) tertanggal 9 Februari 2006 (Sumber: http://e-halal.hdcglobal.com/aduan_siar_c.php?id=2440&a=U) berkenaan dengan penjelasan tentang perbedaan antara struktur kulit babi dan PVC pada barang-barang sandang:

"Hasil dari pemeriksaan JAKIM didapati di dalam industri pembuatan kasut, bag, tali pinggang dll, selain pengunaan kulit, bahan PVC, plastik dan kain adalah antara bahan-bahan yang sering digunakan.

Diantara bahan-bahan ini, sering terdapat kekeliruan diantara bahan PVC, plastik dan kulit babi kerana ketiga-tiga bahan ini apabila dipandang secara mata kasar akan kelihatan tiga bintik pada permukaannya.

Sebagai maklumat bersama, triple dot (tiga bintik ) yang terdapat pada PVC dan plastik adalah dihasilkan oleh mesin, keadaannya tersusun dengan baik dan titiknya terhasil secara menegak iai tu hasilan secara titikan jarum, menegak dan tepat manakala triple dot yang terdapat pada kulit babi, keadaanya tidak tersusun, berselerak, permukaan lubangnya menyendeng tidak menegak seperti yang terdapat pada PVC,keadaan menyendeng ini seolah-olah lubang jarum yang dicucuk secara menyenget.

Diharapkan dengan penjelasan ini, para pengguna tidak terus panik hanya apabila terlihat triple dot pada mana-mana permukaan kasut, beg, wallet dsb, semak dahulu apakah bahan itu adalah kulit babi yang sebenar berdasarkan bentuk triple dot yang kelihatan."

Oleh karena itu, bila kaum muslimin hendak membeli barang-barang sandang yang terbuat dari kulit, suede dan sejenisnya (terutama produk-produk luar negeri), maka biasakanlah untuk menanyakan kepada toko/ perusahaan yang menjual barang tersebut tentang SPESIFIKASI PRODUK yang hendak dibeli tersebut. Karena dari spesifikasi produknya, dapat diketahui apakah kulit yang dipa kai adalah berasal dari kulit babi ataukah kulit sapi.

Maka berikut ini adalah lampiran beberapa surat-menyurat terhadap perusahaan Puma, Hush Puppies, Clarks, Barrats (Stylo) dan Marks & Spencer yang meng-konfirmasikan produk-produk apa saja dari perusahaan mereka yang menggunakan bahan baku dari kulit babi dan mana yang tidak. Semoga informasi ini bermanfaat bagi kaum muslimin pada umumnya:

Assalamu'alaikum, I have a query regarding pig skin shoes. I read your article about pig skin shoes.You said if someone wear anything that has pig skin leather, his salah (–sholat–) is invalid. So, can Muslim wear shoes that has pig skin lining on it when doing sporting activities ?

I just bought a Puma sport shoe. I've checked the leather and suede linings but didn't no tice any 3dots of a pig skin. But I'm worried if it has a pig skin on it. How can I know if this shoe got pig skin or not?
Thanks.

Answer

Last Updated: 07/03/2008 In the Name of Allooh, the Inspirer of Truth.
Assalamu 'Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
It is not permissible to buy, sell or make use items like shoes sourced from pig skin. This applies whether the whole shoe is sourced from pighog skin or and parts of the shoes like the linings.

It is important to find out from the company whether anything from the shoe is sourced from pig skin.

As the leather is treated, and dyed etc. it is not easily apparent as to whether it is pig sourced or not, and that is we advise that the company is contacted.&n bsp; First point of call is the shoe store. In Clark's and other shoe stores, product specification sheets are available, where you can find out whether pig skin is used in the shoe. Though mostly suede shoes are pig sourced, the linings of shoes which use external cow hide leather, can use pig sourced linings. In your particular case, you can take the product code from the shoe, and ask Puma themselves whether it is sourced from pig here:http://www.pumauk.com/contact.html
This may delay the purchase, but you will be absolutely sure that they are Halaal. Alternatively purchase the shoes (making sure with the stores, that you can bring them back if they are not suitable. Usually that is not a problem, as long as you wear them indoors for the grace period), and then contact the company about the leather used.

If a person was to wear a p roduct of leather in Salaah like a leather coat or waist coat then such a person's Salaah is invalid. With reference to shoes, this will only be the case if:
(a) the shoes are worn in Salaah.
(b) the feetsocks are moist orand the pig skin leather is wet, where by
the impurity is transferred onto the body or the clothing.
Of course (a) does not apply, as we do not wear shoes in Salaah, but (b) is quite probable when caught it the rain for example, consequently the shoes can become wet inside. Socks do become wet after Wudhu, or we walk through a puddle etc. You can see in practical terms how this can affect one's 'Ibaadah.

And Allah knows Best
Wa 'Alaykumussalaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh
http://www.foodguide.org.uk
A: We made contact with Clarks, Barratts (Stylo) and Hush Puppies to get an idea of porcine (pig) usage in leather or suede. To date Clarks, Hush Puppies and Stylo have responded.

From the responses we gauge the following:
1. Pig skin is not that widely used, certainly it would be unfair to say that Hush Puppies entire range are sourced from hog skin. The use of pig skin for shoes is significant in the shoes market and one must painstakingly choose shoes.
2. Though it is technically possible to make black leather shoes from pig skin, it is unusual to do so and is not an industry standard. Most probably because the texture and colour of the brushed pig skin is desired which would be lost if it were to be dyed.
3. Apparently the pig skin is used as a lining so it is not always enough to look at just the external part of the shoe.

Precautions to take when buying shoes:
Follow the links below to see what pig leathersuede looks like. If in doubt of the source, ascertain the source otherwise strictly avoid. Remember that anything from the pig is Absolutely Filthy (Najasul-Ayn) and it is not permissible to buy, sell or make use of such items. If a person was to wear a product of leather in Salaah like a leather coat or waist coat then such a person's Salaah is invalid.

Look out for the hair follicles on pig skin which tend to be grouped in pinhole size formations of 3, thus leaving a tell tale pattern. This can be difficult to see particularly with suede effect surfaces as advised by Hush Puppies. If in doubt contact the company.

Important: Are you wearing pig skin?
http://www.sunnipath.com/resources/Questions/qa00002315.aspx
Use of pig leather
http://www.daruliftaa.com/question.asp?txt_QuestionID=q-09435539

Correspondence as follows:
Hush Puppies
1st Reply:
Thank you for your email and your interest in Hush Puppies.
Yes, some of our products contain pigskin. It is either used as a lining or if the product is made from Suede then this can be taken from either a cow or a pig.
If you require details on a specific product then please email us either the style name or number and we would be happy to confirm its material content.
Regards,
Customer Services Assistant

We replied with:
Thank you for your swift reply. Would it be possible to assist me by:
1. Telling me how we may recognise pig suede from cow sued e? (A photograph of how one may recognise the pig suede would be much appreciated). This would be easier that asking about specific products.
2. Is it possible to manufacture black shoes from pig skin, i.e. for the skin to be dyed black.

As you would appreciate, Muslims find pig products repugnant hence the information would be of much value. Your assistance in this matter is very much appreciated.
2nd Reply:
Sorry for the delay in replying.
1) The hair follicles on pig skin tend to be grouped in pinhole size formations of 3, thus leaving a tell tale pattern. Sometimes this is difficult to see particularly with suede effect surfaces. Therefore, on any Hush Puppies product, as mentioned in my previous email, we would recommend you contact us regarding specific products.
2) Yes, it is possible to manufacture black shoes, from pig skin, but this would be very unusual.

Pig skin is commonly used as a lining, not only by Hush Puppies, as this is hard wearing lightweight, soft material ideal for this purpose.
We trust that the information provided will be of some use but if we can help where specific products are involved then please do not hesitate to contact us again.
Regards,
Customer Services Assistant

Stylo Response:
Yes some of our footwear has pigskin in the construction. The style, cost and end use of the footwear determines which materials are used. Pig skin is used in footwear manufacture worldwide and due to its nature it is particularly good for the linings and insoles of shoes. I do however understand that your religion can not tolerate the use of anything derived from this animal.
We try to offer as wide a range of footwear as possible and many different materials, natural and synthetic are used in the construction of the many different types of footwear that we sell.
Pigskin can be any colour including black and can be finished as suede or leather.
Clarks Shoes
I'm pleased to enclosed a list of the men's styles we are offering for Spring/Summer which contain pig skin.
Mad Racer
Mad Speed
Man Rebel
Man Time
Mad Sky
Mad Cap
Rio Drive
Rio Sun
Red Sting
Line Sign
Line Top
Line Deep
New Kick
New Tag
New Land
Showman
Street Sign
Street Class
Street Zone
Street Plan
Street Place
Stitch
Sew
Urban Extra
Head Spy
Head Route
Head Slot
Platform Pace
Pure Sports
Platform Walk
Thank you for your patience.
Regards,
Consumer Advisor
Marks and Spencers:
MARKS & SPENCER
Retail Custom er Services Chester Business Park Wrexham Road
Chester
CH49GA
Our Ref: 1-83534233
11 July, 2005
Dear Mr Kassam,
Thank you for your enquiry about the leather we use for our shoes.
I have spoken to our technologist about which shoes use which kind of leather. The shoes we sell which have a pig leather lining are our non polish Airflex, Collezione and Autograph shoes as do our Blue Harbour lightweight boat shoes (codes T03 2250b and T03 2251b).
Our Blue Harbour vintage cup sole shoes (T03 2363b) have pig leather outer. All our other leather shoes use cow leather.
I hope this information is of use to you. Once again, many thanks for getting in touch.
If you have any other queries in the future, please feel free to ring us on 0845 302 1234. Alternatively you may like to e-mail us by clicking on the contact us link on our website.
Yours sincerely
Laura Rafferty
Customer Ad viser
Retail Customer Services
Marks and Spencer plc Registered Office:
Waterside House
35 North Wharf Road London W2 1 NW Registered No. 214436 (England and Wales)

Permissibility to use Leather Sofa/Couch

Question #: q-09435539
Date Posted: 2004-07-07

<QUESTION> Is it permissible to buy a leather sofa even though you don't know what animal the skin has been derived from?

<ANSWER> In the name of Allooh, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
The basic ruling with regards to leather is that, with the exception of pig-skin, the skin of all other animals is considered to be pure (tahir) when it goes through the process of tanning, even if the animal is unlawful to consume (such as a lion), or the animal was not slaughtered according to the rules of Shariah. Pig, however, is considered to be completely filthy; hence its skin remains impure (najis) even after tanning.
Imam al-Quduri (Allooh have mercy on him) states:
"Any skin which has been tanned has become clean, hence prayer is valid on it, and wudu from it – except the skin of a pig and human (m: human skin due to its honour)." (al-Lubab fi sharh al-Kitab, 1/47)
Therefore, it will be permitted for one to wear jackets, coats, shoes, use sofas and keep a wallet made from the skin of all animals except a pig. It will not be permitted to wear shoes or clothing from pigskin, and prayer in such items would be invalid.
Thus, it will be permitted for you to purchase leather sofas, as long as you avoid leather made from pigskin.
And Allooh knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

http://www.daruliftaa.com/question.asp?txt_QuestionID=q-09435539

http://wwwlastmanstanding.blogspot.com/2012/06/sepatu-dari-kulit-babi.html
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